Chile is the longest and narrowest country in the world. It spreads out from the Andes Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. The country shares borders with Argentina, Peru and Bolivia and also holds land in Polynesia and Antarctica, making it a tri-continental nation.
From the high Andean plateau to the uncharted southern territories at the end of the world, Chile invites you to experience adventures in the middle of the world’s driest desert, in South America’s only temperate rainforest, in front of thousand-year-old glaciers just waiting to be discovered or under the watchful eye of the imposing Andes mountain range amidst the hustle and bustle of modern cities such as its capital, Santiago.
These climate and cultural contrasts have forged the identity of the country and its people. Warm, energetic, approachable and kind, Chileans like to share the love they feel for their land, inviting visitors to form bonds beyond borders, to have one-of-a-kind experiences and to discover Chile.
System of Government
Chile is a Republic ruled by a democratic government characterized by a clear separation and independence of the three branches of the State.
Executive Branch: It is led by the President of the Republic, who also holds the position of Head of State.
Legislative Branch: it is a two-chamber system, meaning, it is made up by the Chamber of Representatives (Deputies) and the Senate.
Chamber of Representatives: 120 representatives or deputies for the 13 regions that make up the country (up for election every four years).
Upper Chamber or Senate: 49 senators. Nine of them are appointed while the rest are voted-in through a direct election.
Judicial Branch: It is led by the Supreme Court, who is in charge of imparting justice with the support of the Court of Appeals.
Chile’s official language is Spanish.
The religious world recognizes Catholicism as the predominant faith in Chile.
Upon entering Chile, you must present your identification documentation, such as an ID card or passport. Depending on your country of origin, you must have a visa stamped in your passport.
Citizens from South America, the European Union, the United States of America, Canada and Australia do not require a tourist visa. However, citizens from some countries have to make a cash payment (reciprocity fee) at the airport upon their arrival to Chile.
If you are entering products of an animal or plant-related origin, you must declare said products before the Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero (SAG, Agriculture and Livestock Service) in order to protect Chile’s diverse vegetation and wildlife.
For more information about entering the country, please visit the following site.
The Peso is Chile’s legal tender, issued in coins of 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 y 500 pesos, and also in bills (bank notes) of 1,000, 2,000, 5,000 and 20,000 pesos.
It is fairly easy to find automatic teller machines around Chile’s many cities that will allow you to withdraw cash in the local currency. Also, most local businesses accept international banking cards.
Although some business in Chile accept dollars or euros, it is wiser to exchange currency into Chilean pesos, always in authorized establishments. This way, the difference incurred during the exchange won’t be as high.
In Chile, there are places where it hasn’t rained for decades, while in other spots, constant rain brings out the lush green of the country’s millenary forests.
Chile’s diversity enchants and surprises its visitors. Thanks to its one-of-a-kind geography, Chile is home to almost all of the different kinds of climate that can be found across the planet, with four clearly distinct seasons. The warmest part of the year takes place between October and April, while the chillier season stretches from May to September.
Temperatures begin to drop as your travel south. The northern portion of the country is hot all day year round, with very cold nights. The central part of the country is known for its Mediterranean climate, while the south is characterized by low temperatures and recurring precipitation all year long.
Parque Nacional Torres del Paine
La Moneda, palacio de gobierno
Catedral Metropolitana de Santiago
Banco Central de Chile
Cordillera de Los Andes, sector Cajón del Maipo
NOVEMBER 29th - DECEMBER 1st / 2017 I SANTIAGO - CHILE